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State of California Education Profile     FISCAL YEAR:  2012-13
California Department of Education (CDE)
1430 N Street
Sacramento, CA 95814
Phone (916) 319-0791
This page includes:
Students by Race/Ethnicity
Special Programs
Alternative Education
English Learners
Languages of English Learner Students
Related links:
 Definitions
This site reports data for California's K-12 public school system only.

After steadily increasing for more than 15 years, enrollment in California schools is leveling off and even declining in some areas.

The percentage of Hispanic students continues to grow while the percentages of African-American and white students have declined. Remaining fairly constant is the percentage of students of Asian, Pacific Islander, and Philippine descent.

Student Image

 

Students by Race/Ethnicity
State of California, 2012-13
  Enrollment Percent of Total
American Indian or Alaska Native
40,414
0.7%
Asian
536,970
8.6%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
33,958
0.6%
Filipino
154,891
2.5%
Hispanic or Latino
3,282,105
52.7%
Black or African American
394,695
6.3%
White
1,589,393
25.5%
Two or More Races
149,806
2.4%
None Reported
44,757
0.7%
Total
6,226,989
100%
Trends: Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity in Public Schools
Students by Race/Ethnicity definitions
Pop-trends
Source: California Department of Education, Educational Demographics Office (CBEDS, enr12 4/05/2013)
Special Programs
State of California, 2012-13
Special Programs data pending.
Trends: Special Population Counts As Percent of Enrollment in Public Schools
Special Programs definitions
Pop-trends
Source: Data Reporting Office, CALPADS/CBEDS/CDS Operations Office
Numerous special programs serve students who meet certain criteria. Assistance is provided in different ways, such as a hot meal during the school day or extra instructional time. Participation may vary from year to year depending on student enrollment. Special Education is another specialized program that serves the unique needs of students with disabilities. For data and information about Special Education, visit DataQuest and the CDE Special Education Division.
Alternative Education
State of California, 2012-13
  Alternative Enrollment Percent of Total Enrollment
Alternative Schools and Programs of Choice
178,725
2.9%
Smaller Learning Communities
118,734
1.9%
Thematic Schools
98,675
1.6%
Magnet
152,201
2.4%
Independent Study
164,988
2.6%
Independent Study (at least 50% of classes)
140,681
2.3%
Online Education
66,375
1.1%
Online Education (at least 50% of classes)
20,022
0.3%
Alternative Education definitions
Source: California Department of Education, Data Reporting Office (CBEDS)
A variety of alternative programs meet specific student needs in addition to the regular educational program. With the exception of independent study and magnets, these programs largely serve high school students. Some alternative programs, or "educational options," may be a program within a school, while others may constitute the entire enrollment of a school. Students may be engaged concurrently in more than one education option.

Note: In 2011-12, the California Department of Education added two new categories for alternative education. These categories—Independent Study (at least 50% of classes) and Online Education (at least 50% of classes)—are subsets of the Independent Study and Online Education categories respectively and their enrollments are included in the above categories.
English Learners
State of California, 2012-13
  Number of Students Percent of Enrollment Percent of Prior Year's Enrollment
English Learners (ELs)
1,349,503
21.7%
N/A
Fluent-English-Proficient (FEP) Students
1,339,601
21.5%
N/A
ELs Redesignated Fluent-English-Proficient (RFEP) Since Prior Year
168,960
N/A
12.2%
Trends: Enrollment and English Learner Students by Grade in Public Schools
EL Student definitions
Pop-trends
Source: California Department of Education, Data Reporting Office (Language Census, elsch13 7/09/2013)
About one in five California's public school students need to learn English in order to succeed in school. The percentages are highest in the early grades--about 38% of kindergartners were English learners in 2012-13.

Students are identified as English learners until they achieve district-specified scores on state achievement tests and meet other academic criteria. At that point, the district labels the student as RFEP. The FEP category includes both RFEP students and students whose primary language is not English but who scored high enough on a state test of English proficiency to be considered "initially fluent English proficient" (IFEP).
Languages of English Learner Students
State of California, 2012-13
  Number of Students Percent of Enrollment
Spanish
1,141,626
18.3%
Vietnamese
31,203
0.5%
Filipino (Pilipino or Tagalog)
19,091
0.3%
Cantonese
17,563
0.3%
Mandarin (Putonghua)
14,179
0.2%
All Other
125,841
2.0%
Total
1,349,503
21.7%
Trends: Top 10 Languages of English Learner Students in Public Schools
Source: California Department of Education, Data Reporting Office (language census, elsch12 7/09/2013)
About 85% of the English learners speak Spanish. A grade-by-grade list of over 55 languages (plus "other non-English") reported in California schools is at DataQuest.


Student Performance Data
You can now see data on student performance on the California Standards Tests, the California High School Exit Exam, and Physical Fitness Tests on the Performance tab of the Accountability Report. Also available on this tab are data on dropouts, graduates, graduates with UC/CSU, and average SAT score.


 

All contents copyright © 2014, Education Data Partnership. All rights reserved.

Ed-Data is a partnership of the California Department of Education, EdSource and the Fiscal Crisis & Management Assistance Team (FCMAT) designed to offer educators, policy makers, the legislature, parents, and the public quick access to timely and comprehensive data about K-12 education in California.